LEVEL

PRONUNCIATION
Assumes a dialect and/or accent
intelligible to the aeronautical
community.

STRUCTURE
Relevant grammatical structures and
sentence patterns are determined by
language functions appropriate to
the task.

VOCABULARY FLUENCY COMPREHENSION INTERACTIONS

Expert 

6

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and
intonation, though possibly
influenced by the first language or
regional variation, almost never
interfere with ease of
understanding.

Both basic and complex grammatical
structures and sentence patterns are
consistently well controlled.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are
sufficient to communicate
effectively on a wide variety of
familiar and unfamiliar topics.
Vocabulary is idiomatic, nuanced,
and sensitive to register.

Able to speak at length with a
natural, effortless flow.
Varies speech flow for stylistic
effect, e.g. to emphasize a point.
Uses appropriate discourse markers
and connectors spontaneously.

Comprehension is consistently
accurate in nearly all contexts and
includes comprehension of linguistic
and cultural subtleties.

Interacts with ease in nearly all
situations. Is sensitive to
verbal and non-verbal cues and
responds to them appropriately.

Extended 5

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and
intonation, though influenced by the
first language or regional
variation, rarely interfere with
ease of understanding.

Basic grammatical structures and
sentence patterns are consistently
well controlled. Complex
structures are attempted but with
errors which sometimes interfere
with meaning.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are
sufficient to communicate
effectively on common, concrete, and
work-related topics.
Paraphases consistently and
successfully. Vocabulary is
sometimes idiomatic.

Able to speak at length with
relative ease on familiar topics but
may not vary speech flow as a
stylistic device. Can make use
of appropriate discourse markers or
connectors.

Comprehension is accurate on common,
concrete, and work-related topics
and mostly accurate when the speaker
is confronted with a linguistic or
situational complication or an
unexpected turn of events. Is
able to comprehend a range of speech
varieties (dialect and/or accent) or
registers.

Responses are immediate,
appropriate, and informative.
Manages the speaker/listener
relationship effectively.

Operational
4

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and
intonation are influenced by the
first language or regional variation
but only sometimes interfere with
ease of understanding.

Basic grammatical structures and
sentence patterns are used
creatively and are usually well
controlled. Errors may occur,
particularly in unusual or
unexpected circumstances, but rarely
interfere with meaning.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are
usually sufficient to communicate
effectively on common, concrete, and
work-related topics. Can often
paraphrase successfully when lacking
vocabulary in unusual or unexpected
circumstances.

Produces stretches of language at an
appropriate tempo. There may
be occassional loss of fluency on
transition from rehearsed or
formulaic speech to spontaneous
interaction, but this does not
prevent effective communication.
Can make limited use of discourse
markers or connectors. Fillers
are not distracting.

Comprehension is mostly accurate on
common, concrete, and work-related
topics when the accent or variety
used is sufficiently intelligible
for an international community of
users. When the speaker is
confronted with a linguistic or
situational complication or an
unexpected turn of events,
comprehension may be slower or
require clarification strategies.

Responses are usually immediate,
appropriate, and informative.
Initiates and maintains exchanges
even when dealing with an unexpected
turn of events. Deals
adequately with apparent
misunderstandings by checking,
confirming, or clarifying.

Pre-operational
3

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and
intonation are influenced by the
first language or regional variation
and frequently interfere with ease
of understanding.

Basic grammatical structures and
sentence patterns associated with
predictable situations are not
always well controlled. Errors
frequently interfere with meaning.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are
often sufficient to communicate on
common, concrete, or work-related
topics, but range is limited and the
word choice often inappropriate.
Is often unable to paraphrase
successfully when lacking
vocabulary.

Produces stretches of language, but
phrasing and pausing are often
inappropriate. Hesitations or
slowness in language processing may
prevent effective communication.
Fillers are sometimes distracting.

Comprehension is often accurate on
common, concrete, and work-related
topics when the accent or variety
used is sufficiently intelligible
for an international community of
users. May fail to understand
a linguistic or situational
complication or an unexpected turn
of events.

Responses are sometimes immediate,
appropriate, and informative.
Can initiate and maintain exchanges
with reasonable ease on familiar
topics and in predictable
situations. Generally
inadequate when dealing with an
unexpected turn of events.

Elementary
2

 

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm, and
intonation are heavily influenced by
the first language or regional
variation and usually interfere with
ease of understanding.

 

Shows only limited control of a few
simple memorized grammatical
structures and sentence patterns.

 

Limited vocabulary range consisting
only of isolated words and memorized
phrases.

 

Can produce very short, isolated,
memorized utterances with frequent
pausing and a distracting use of
fillers to search for expressions
and to articulate less familiar
words.

 

Comprehension is limited to
isolated, memorized phrases when
they are carefully and slowly
articulated.

 

Response time is slow and often
inappropriate. Interaction is
limited to simple routine exchanges.

 

Pre-elementary
1

Performs at a level below the
Elementary level.

 

Performs at a level below the
Elementary level.

 

Performs at a level below the
Elementary level.

 

Performs at a level below the
Elementary level.

 

Performs at a level below the
Elementary level.

 

Performs at a level below the
Elementary level.